If you have Diabetes, you may not know, your feet are in more danger than usual. This calls for extra attention and care being given to your feet during your daily hygiene regimen. Diabetes decreases blood flow which is most apparent in extremities like hands and feet. Smoking will also decrease blood flow further. There is also nerve damage in patients with diabetes that can cause the feet to lose feeling which brings complications in daily life. Below are some tips about foot care that will help combat the effects of diabetes.
The first tip is just to inspect your feet every day. See if you have any cuts, bruising, swelling, or discoloration. Early detection goes along way to combating issues. Also staying on top of your general Diabetes regimen like medication and glucose checks will help your feet stay healthy. If you have problems looking at the bottoms of your feet, have someone look for you.
When bathing or cleaning your feet, use warm water instead of hot and be gentle when scrubbing and drying your feet. Make sure to dry in between your toes. If you have dry and flaky skin you can use moisturizer but not between the toes. You want to keep that area dry to prevent infections. As a general rule you want to keep your feet warm and dry.
You should schedule appointments for someone else to do your toe nail clipping and to treat corns and calluses. People trained in diabetic foot care know the specifics on how to keep your nail beds healthy and safe from infection. Home surgeries, such as nail clipping and corn and callous removal, can be very dangerous for Diabetes patients.
Socks will be your best friends. Keep them clean and dry, changing them every day. Consider special socks made for diabetic patients that use compression to prevent swelling and complications. They also have wicking fibers to keep your feet warm and dry. If your feet get cold during the night, sleep in wicking socks in place of heating pads or other means that can cause your feet to sweat excessively. If your feet sweat too much in any circumstance, consider using antiperspirant on the bottoms of your feet.
Losing feeling in your feet is probably the most problematic for Diabetes patients. Shake out your shoes before using and check for debris or other objects in your socks and shoes that can cause rubbing or blisters to form. Wearing slippers around the house can prevent unfelt cuts and injuries as well.
The last tip is to generally stay aware of your feet. Getting periodic foot exams, wearing protective footwear, and talking to your doctor can all go to formulating the best hygiene regimen for your specific situation.